Like I’ve mentioned in a few of my previous posts, this pandemic has brought on a lot of changes for everyone– but there is variation in how COVID-19 has impacted different groups of people. The experience of racial and ethnic minorities during this pandemic has been very different from other groups and is reflective of health outcomes that often exist for minorities in the U.S.
In New York City, the death rates for Black/African American individuals is much higher due to the virus, than it is for other racial/ethnic groups (1). The chart below shows the disproportionality of the effects of COVID on the population of African American individuals in a few states.
Compared to the total state population, the majority of patients affected by COVID are African American (2).
These disparities exist not only during this pandemic, but in healthcare in general:
Reasons for the Disparity
People who belong to racial or ethnic minority groups experience the health care system differently than others– many of the existing disparities in society lead to poorer health outcomes, as well as greater vulnerability to viruses and other illnesses. Many minority groups live in heavily populated areas or live in households with multiple generations, where social distancing might not be possible (1). Many work hourly, so health benefits are not part of the package and health services become difficult to access (2). There is also a much higher population of racial and ethnic minorities in jails, prisons, etc. which are again, places that increase the risk of spread of viruses and other illnesses (1).
Also, because of the social distancing measures that have to be taken because of the pandemic, there has been a decrease in quality of care for patients who don’t speak English (4). Before, interpreters/translators could be present in person during a patient’s visit, which makes it much easier to translate and understand the patient’s concerns and symptoms. Now, a lot of interpreters have to work over the phone and it’s possible that a lot of information is getting lost in translation because it’s just harder to have a conversation and understand each other that way.
While the pandemic has affected everyone in one way or another, it has not affected everyone equally. The social determinants of health that I talked about in my first blog, in addition to factors such as racism, geographic location, and poverty, play a large part in deciding how an individual is affected. Unfortunately, the same level and quality of healthcare are not available to every person. Moving towards a system that addresses these disparities and provides excellent health care to each patient will involve first resolving the inequalities that exist in health care delivery in general and access to healthier food, exercise, etc. Additionally, training healthcare providers to better understand cultural differences and barriers to care could improve health outcomes for minority groups (3).
5,045 thoughts on “Impact of COVID on Racial & Ethnic Minorities”
Newsnight Mr Sunak said Parliament would get a vote on the agreement at the “appropriate time” but that MPs needed a chance to consider the detail Labour has said it will support a deal but the government will be reluctant to rely on opposition votes Leader Sir Keir Starmer said the deal was not “perfect” but “now that it has been agreed we all have an obligation to make it work Mr Sunak also confirmed the government was dropping the controversial Northern Ireland Protocol Bill, which was introduced under Mr Johnson when he was prime minister and would have given the UK the power to unilaterally scrap parts of the old deal He said the bill was now no longer needed and the original legal justification for it had “fallen away เว็บบาคาร่า
the agreement Former Brexit Secretary David Davis said the prime minister had “pulled off a formidable negotiating success” and “secured the best possible deal Former Business Secretary Andrea Leadsom said there had been “huge progress”, adding: “It all now depends on whether the communities in NI feel it’s the right solution However, other Tory MPs were more cautious, with prominent Eurosceptic Sir Bill Cash saying “the devil as ever lies in the detail DUP MP Ian Paisley said the deal had “fallen short” in a number of key areas, including the continued role of the European Court of Justice as the final arbiter in disputes over EU rules เว็บบาคาร่า
disguising the fact that in some sectors of our economy EU law remains applicable in Northern Ireland,” it said The party said it would now study the deal and seek “further clarification, reworking or change as required The nationalist Social Democratic and Labour Party, and the Alliance neither nationalist nor unionist, welcomed the deal, although both said they had concerns about the Stormont brake clause But the Traditional Unionist Voice Party said the agreement was “much spin, not a lot of substance” and meant the protocol “effectively stays The Ulster Unionist Party said it would study the detail but would not give cover to other parties เว็บบาคาร่า
border by conducting checks between Northern Ireland and Great Britain instead But under the treaty, Northern Ireland had to keep following some EU rulesMr Sunak said the new deal “delivers smooth-flowing trade within the whole United Kingdom, protects Northern Ireland’s place in our union and safeguards sovereignty for the people of Northern Ireland But there is no guarantee that it will result in the return of a power-sharing devolved government for Northern Ireland. In a statement, the DUP said “significant progress has been secured across a number of areas” but concerns remain เว็บบาคาร่า
– but two other former leaders, Boris Johnson and Liz Truss, did not attend. Number 10 will be pleased by the response from the US, where outstanding issues over the arrangements in Northern Ireland have been seen as an obstacle in any potential trade talks between London and Washington US President Joe Biden said the deal was “an essential step to ensuring that the hard-earned peace and progress of the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement is preserved and strengthened The agreement, named the Windsor Framework, changes the Northern Ireland Protocol, which was signed by Mr Johnson and came into force in 2021 เว็บบาคาร่า
pictured smiling and chatting, but there was concern from some MPs that the meeting would draw the monarch into a contentious political issue As Mr Sunak travelled back to London to address the Commons, the details of the long-awaited deal were landing well with some MPs who might have been expected to cause the PM political problems Northern Ireland Office Minister and arch-Brexiteer Steve Baker said Mr Sunak had “pulled a blinder He had been considering resigning “as late as yesterday”, he revealed, but added that the agreement “should be good enough for any reasonable unionists เว็บบาคาร่า
and speculation surrounding a possible deal, it was finally unveiled during a day of carefully choreographed events Word began to emerge from inside government at around 14:00 GMT that a deal on an issue which has vexed four prime ministers had finally been done The PM confirmed the breakthrough soon after during a joint press conference in Windsor with European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen There was a notable warmth between the PM and Mrs von der Leyen as they outlined their agreement on Monday, with the EU chief referring to the prime minister as “dear Rishi” and hailing a “new chapter” of a “stronger EU-UK relationship เว็บบาคาร่า
over the Northern Ireland Protocol are resolved and some Tory MPs have said they will only support an agreement if it has the backing of the DUP Sinn Féin, which is the largest party in the Northern Ireland Assembly, welcomed the deal, although it said it still needed to examine the details The party’s vice-president, Michelle O’Neill, repeated her call for the DUP to return to devolved government, adding: “We always said that with pragmatism, solutions could be found Northern Ireland Brexit deal: At-a-glance เว็บบาคาร่า
-Brexit trading arrangements for Northern Ireland as a “decisive breakthrough Many Conservative MPs, including those who supported Brexit, gave their backing to the agreement And the DUP, whose support will be key to restoring power-sharing in Northern Ireland, said there had been “significant progress But the party warned that “key issues of concern” remain DUP leader Sir Jeffrey Donaldson said his party would now study the legal text, before reaching a decision on whether to support the deal เว็บบาคาร่า
selamat datang disitus judi slot online terpercaya di Indonesia dalam menyediakan berbagai jenis permainan slot gacor terkemuka di Indonesia. jalak4d
thankyou for your best article, I still wait your next post jalak4d